Zoology (from the Greek: zoon → animal; logos → discourse) is the biological discipline that deals with the study of animals (or metazoans) and protozoa, including classification, physiology, development, and behavior. The latter, although not real animals, due to biological similarities and phylogenetic affinity, in the past were considered effective members of the animal kingdom and only later were transferred to the more accepted kingdom of protists.

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Giant panda

The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca; Chinese: 大熊猫; pinyin: dàxióngmāo), also known as the panda bear or simply the panda, is a bear native to south central China.


The Vespoidea are a superfamily of wasps in the order Hymenoptera, although older taxonomic schemes may vary in this categorization, particularly in their recognition of a now-obsolete superfamily Scolioidea, as well as the relationship to ants. The Vespoidea contains well-known insects such as the social wasps and ants as well as less well-known insects such as solitary wasps,


Ants are the most numerous type of animal on Earth; their combined weight is greater than the combined weight of human kind. Ants show maximum diversity in tropical climate zones such as South America, Africa, and eastern Australia but exist many species also in temperate regions of the planet. Ants, like many other Hymenoptera, are eusocial

Honey bee

Honey bees are mostly grouped in a genus Apis. However within the family ‘Apinae’ are stingless bees, part of the Meliponini tribe. These bees are different from honey bees producing less abundant but more liquid-based honey. This type of honey, produced by stingless honey bees, is traditionally used more for medicinal purposes. Classification of honey


Bees are insects with wings closely related to wasps and ants, belonging to the order of the Hymenoptera, and considered a clade called Anthophila; of which about 20,000 species are known, widespread in all continents of the world except Antarctica. Although the best known bee species live in huge cooperative societies, most of them are


A wasp is any insect of the order Hymenoptera and suborder Apocrita that is neither a bee nor an ant. The Apocrita have a common evolutionary ancestor and form a clade; wasps as a group do not form a clade but are paraphyletic concerning bees and ants.


The Apocrita are a suborder of Hymenoptera insects, which includes the infraorder aculeata, that is the great majority of the Hymenoptera. The terebrantia, or parasitica, is considered a second infra-order of apocrites; they are a paraphyletic group, therefore invalid. Anatomy description Thoracic-abdominal region The distinctive features of Apocrita reside in the morphological structure of the regions of the


Hymenoptera (from Ancient Greek ὑμήν: membrane and πτερόν: wing) is a large order (over 150,000 species recognized) of highly specialized insects with the complete metamorphosis that include the bees, wasps, ants, ichneumon flies, sawflies, gall wasps, and related forms, often associate in large colonies with complex social organization. Anatomy Head The head is generally hypognathous, but

Insect [insecta]

Insects (or Insecta in scientific Latin; from the word insectum “cut, divided”) belong to the Class of the Arthropoda Phylum, which, after the systematic revisions from the last decades of the 20th century, was included in the Hexapoda Superclass, they are considered as the largest group in the animal kingdom on Earth: the species described are over a million and their

Arthropod [Arthropoda]

Arthropods (Arthropoda Latreille, 1829) are any of the invertebrates animals having an exoskeleton (made of cuticle, a non-cellular material secreted by the epidermis), a segmented body, and paired jointed limbs. The cuticle is made of chitin (a polymer of glucosamine), often mineralized with calcium carbonate. Some species have wings. The word arthropod comes from the Greek ἄρθρον árthron,

Animal [kingdom Animalia]

Animals are any of the species of organisms that are assigned to the taxonomic Kingdom Animalia, which contains groups broadly categorized as invertebrates and vertebrates. The latter contains the familiar types such as mammals, amphibians, birds, fish, and reptiles. The former, however, consists of those with or without an exoskeleton like the insects, crustaceans, jellyfish, worms, etc.


See: Zoology (topic archive)


The mutillidae are a family of apocrita hymenopterous insects, including about 7000 species; cosmopolitan, especially in the hot climate regions of Australia and South America. Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Pompiloidea Family Mutillidae Modest in size, their common name velvet ant refers to their dense pile of hair, which most often is bright

Panda ant [Euspinolia Militaris]

The Euspinolia Militaris (also called panda ant – first described in 1938 in Chile) is a member of the Mutillidae family, part of the Hymenoptera order, which includes such as wasps, bees and ants. Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Suborder Apocrita Superfamily Vespoidea Family Mutillidae Genus Euspinolia Scientific classification Anatomy While the coloration of the panda


The term zootomy corresponds to contraction of the terms zoological and anatomy, which focuses on the dissection and study of the bodily parts and structures of animals. This is in contrast to the phytotomy, which is concerned with plants’ structure or parts.


An exoskeleton is an external skeleton that supports and protects an animal’s body, in contrast to the internal skeleton (endoskeleton) of, for example, a human.


Pompiloidea is a superfamily that includes at least five families in the order Hymenoptera; cosmopolitan. Mutillidae (velvet ants) Myrmosidae (myrmosid wasps) Pompilidae (spider wasps) Sapygidae (sapygid wasps) Burmusculidae (extinct) Kingdom Animalia Phylum Arthropoda Subphylum Hexapoda Class Insecta Order Hymenoptera Superfamily Pompiloidea


Anatomy Segmentation In arthropods, morphological segmentation is built upon a more fundamental developmental unit, the ‘parasegment’ (Martinez-Arias and Lawrence, 1985 [2]). Parasegment boundaries are established during embryogenesis by ‘segment-polarity’ genes, such as engrailed and wingless, which are expressed in a series of persistent stripes along the Anterior-Posterior axis. Interestingly, parasegments are offset slightly from morphological