Etching

The etching is an intaglio printmaking process in which lines or areas are incised using acid into a metal plate in order to hold the ink. In etching, the plate can be made of iron, copper, or zinc. Although the first dated etching is by Albrecht Dürer in 1515, the process is believed to have been invented by Daniel Hopfer (c.1470-1536) of Augsburg, Germany, who decorated armor in this way and applied the method to printmaking.

See also: Etching process explained by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

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